Increased Inequality in Mortality From Road Crashes Among Arabs and Jews in Israel

Avi Magid, Shalhevet Leibovitch-Zur, Orna Baron-Epel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Previous studies in several countries have shown that the economically disadvantaged seem to have a greater risk of being involved in a car crash. The aim of the present study was to compare rates and trends in mortality and injury from road crashes by age among the Arab and Jewish populations in Israel.

Methods: Data on road crashes with casualties (2003–2011) from the Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics were analyzed. Age-adjusted road crash injury rates and mortality rates for 2003 to 2011 were calculated and time trends for each age group and population group are presented. Time trend significance was evaluated by linear regression models.

Results: Arabs in Israel are at increased risk of injury and mortality from road crashes compared to Jews. Road crash injury rates have significantly decreased in both populations over the last decade, although the rates have been persistently higher among Arabs. Road crash mortality rates have also decreased significantly in the Jewish population but not in the Arab population. This implies an increase in the disparity in mortality between Jews and Arabs. The most prominent differences in road crash injury and mortality rates between Arabs and Jews can be observed in young adults and young children.

Conclusions: The reduction in road crashes in the last decade is a positive achievement. However, the reductions are not equal among Arabs and Jews in Israel. Therefore, an increase in the disparities in mortality from road crashes is apparent. Public health efforts need to focus specifically on decreasing road crashes in the Arab community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-47
Number of pages6
JournalTraffic Injury Prevention
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

Keywords

  • Arabs
  • Israel
  • Jews
  • minorities
  • road crashes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Safety Research

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Increased Inequality in Mortality From Road Crashes Among Arabs and Jews in Israel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this