Incidence and trends of gastrointestinal malignancies in Jewish and Arab populations in Israel over 32 years

Ron Lavy, Yehuda Hershkovitz, Lital Keinan-Boker, Ariel Halevy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Gastrointestinal malignancies comprise a broad spectrum of neoplasms and have a high overall incidence. The incidence rates in Israel vary among ethnic groups due to different risk factors. Objectives: To investigate incidence trends of these cancers in Israel in both Jewish and Arab ethnic groups in order to better understand the risks in those groups. Methods: This study is based on data published by the Israel National Cancer Registry and the Central Bureau of Statistics. We compared statistics between ethnicities and genders. We examined the eight most common gastrointestinal cancers, focusing on colon, rectal and gastric cancers. Results: Between 1980 and 2012 there was a decline in the incidence of gastric cancer in the Jewish population; in contrast, a significant increase occurred in Arab women, but there was no significant change in Arab men. Colon cancer showed a relative decrease in incidence in the Jewish population, but an increase in the Arab population. A decrease in the incidence of rectal cancer in the Jewish population and an increase in the Arab population was observed. Conclusions: Gastric, colon and rectal cancers exhibit differences in incidence and outcome between Jewish and Arab populations in Israel. These differences were not observed in the other five types of less common gastrointestinal cancers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-469
Number of pages4
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume18
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, Israel Medical Association. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Ethnicity
  • Gastrointestinal cancers
  • Rectal cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)

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