In search of a correctness typology for intelligence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


It is proposed that behavior can be studied and assessed under the domain of "intelligence" only if this behavior may be judged on a continuum of correctness, from very right to very wrong. A search for a typology of correctness is then conducted, first, by studying test-takers' conceptions of correctness of responses to intelligence test items, and second, by reviewing philosophers' views on truth criteria. The two approaches result in similar typologies, suggesting the possibility of a universal underlying typology of correctness. The implications of the proposed typology in the areas of intellectual styles, vocational guidance and ability tests are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-397
Number of pages7
JournalNew Ideas in Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • General Psychology


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