In-group/out-group effects in distributed teams: An experimental simulation

Nathan Bos, N. Sadat Shami, Judith S. Olson, Arik Cheshin, Ning Nan

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Modern workplaces often bring together virtual teams where some members are collocated, and some participate remotely. We are using a simulation game to study collaborations of 10-person groups, with five collocated members and five isolates (simulated 'telecommuters'). Individual players in this game buy and sell 'shapes' from each other in order to form strings of shapes, where strings represent joint projects, and each individual players' shapes represent their unique skills. We found that the collocated people formed an in-group, excluding the isolates. But, surprisingly, the isolates also formed an in-group, mainly because the collocated people ignored them and they responded to each other.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes
EventComputer Supported Cooperative Work - Conference Proceedings, CSCW 2004 - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: 6 Nov 200410 Nov 2004


ConferenceComputer Supported Cooperative Work - Conference Proceedings, CSCW 2004
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityChicago, IL


  • Collocation
  • Computer-mediated communication
  • Distant collaboration
  • Distributed group work
  • Telecommuting
  • Telework
  • Virtual teams

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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