Improvement of ischemic non-healing wounds following hyperoxygenation: The experience at rambam-elisha hyperbaric center in Israel, 1998-2007

Yulie Feldman-Idov, Yehuda Melamed, Liora Ore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Wounds of the lower extremities are a significant public health problem, being severe and costly to treat. Adjunctive treatment with hyperbaric oxygenation (HBOT) has proven to be a useful and cost-effective means of treating ischemic wounds, mainly in diabetic patients. Objectives: To describe patients with ischemic wounds treated at the Rambam and Elisha Hyperbaric Medical Center and their wound improvement following HBOT. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all patients (N=385) treated in the center during 1998-2007 for ischemic non-healing wounds in the lower extremities. Results: The mean age of the patients was 61.9 years (SD 13.97). Most of them were diabetic (69.6%) and male (68.8%). Half of the subjects had a wound for more than 3 months prior to undergoing pre-HBOT transcutaneous oximetry (TcPO2) testing. Most of the wounds were classified as Wagner degree 1 or 2 (39.1% and 46.2% respectively). The median number of treatments per patient was 29. Only 63.1% of patients had continuous treatments. Approximately 20% of patients experienced mild side effects. An improvement occurred in 282 patients (77.7%) following HBOT: 15.2% fully recovered, 42.7% showed a significant improvement (and were expected to heal spontaneously), and 19.8% a slight improvement. Conclusions: HBOT can benefit the treatment of non-healing ischemic wounds (especially when aided by pretreatment TcPO2 evaluation; data not shown). Our experience shows that this procedure is safe and contributes to wound healing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-529
Number of pages6
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume13
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Diabetic wound
  • Hyperbaric oxygenation
  • Ischemic wound
  • Non-healing wound
  • Transcutaneous oximetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (all)

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