As a tool to regulate environmental issues, standards play a key role in defining acceptable levels of safety and environmental protection. From a governance perspective, standards are also significant for their inclusion of non-governmental stakeholders, including industry and environmental organizations, in determining the benchmarks upon which policies are enacted. Drawing upon work on Israeli standards for both environmental pollutants in consumer products and ‘green building’, this paper considers how the use of standards as an environmental policy tool affects how environmental issues are regulated. The research uses written standards, research into standardisation committees and approximately twenty in-depth interviews. Thematic analysis of the use of these standards as environmental policy tools highlighted different issues including the connection between representation of different interests and availability of resources; different rationales for standards that may produce conflict in professional decisions; and implications of the consensus-building approach for balancing interests and driving government policy. We conclude that various factors ought to be taken into account when using standards within environmental policy. We provide policy recommendations including a need to consider the implications of using a standard in the absence of broader regulation; the impact of economic and pragmatic rationales on environmental and health measures in standards; and means to improve the balance of representatives on standards committees.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research on regulation of chemicals in children’s products was funded by the Environment and Health Fund [ PGA 1503 ]. The researchers are grateful to the interviewees for participating in this research.
- Consumer products
- Environmental governance
- Environmental policy
- Green building
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law