Implications for operational control of adult mosquito production in cisterns and wells in St. Augustine, FL using attractive sugar baits

Whitney A. Qualls, Rudy Xue, Edita E. Revay, Sandra A. Allan, Günter C. Müller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this study was to further investigate the use of attractive sugar baits as an effective, inexpensive, and environmentally friendly tool for integrated mosquito management programs. Mosquitoes were offered dyed sugar bait in wells and cisterns in an urban tourist area in St. Augustine, FL. Exit traps were constructed to cover the well and cistern openings so the number of resting and emerging mosquitoes stained by feeding on the sugar bait could be monitored. Four mosquito species were collected from these structures: Aedes albopictus (Skuse), Anopheles crucians (Wiedemann), Culex quinquefasciatus Say, and Toxorhynchites rutilus rutilus (Coquillett). Overall, 90% (1482/1644) of the mosquitoes trapped were stained. In general, the number of mosquitoes stained was significantly greater in wells (P<. 0.0001) and cisterns (P<. 0.0001) than the numbers that were not stained by the colored bait. Based on the number of mosquitoes stained, we would have expected considerable mosquito mortality had the sugar bait contained an oral toxin. The results of this study support the concept of using attractive toxic sugar baits as an effective tool for integrated mosquito management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)158-161
Number of pages4
JournalActa Tropica
Volume124
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Funding: The project was partly sponsored by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, Washington, USA. (grant no. 47302 ) and by the Anastasia Mosquito Control District , 500 Old Beach Road, St. Augustine, FL 32080, USA. Tel.: +1 904 471 3107; fax: +1 904 471 3189.

Keywords

  • Anopheles crucians
  • ATSB
  • Attractive toxic sugar baits
  • Cisterns
  • Control
  • Culex quinquefasciatus
  • St. Augustine, FL
  • Toxorhynchites rutilus
  • Wells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Veterinary (miscellaneous)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases

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