Implementing Targeted Sampling: Lessons Learned from Recruiting Female Sex Workers in Baltimore, MD

Sean T. Allen, Katherine H.A. Footer, Noya Galai, Ju Nyeong Park, Bradley Silberzahn, Susan G. Sherman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Globally, HIV prevention interventions have proven efficacious among street-based female sex workers (FSWs); yet, there is a dearth of US-based HIV prevention research among this group. The lack of research among FSWs in the USA is partially driven by challenges in recruiting members of this population. The purpose of this research is to describe how targeted sampling was employed to recruit a cohort of street-based FSWs for a study that examined the role of police in shaping the HIV risk environments of street-based FSWs in Baltimore, MD. Our research demonstrates that targeted sampling can be an advantageous strategy for recruiting hidden populations that are mobile and geographically dispersed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-451
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Urban Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements We thank the SAPPHIRE research staff, community advisory board and the women who participated in the study. This work was supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (R01DA038499-01). The funders had no role in study design, data collection, or in analysis and interpretation of the results, and this paper does not necessarily reflect views or opinions of the funders.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, The Author(s).


  • Female sex workers
  • HIV prevention
  • Targeted sampling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Urban Studies
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Implementing Targeted Sampling: Lessons Learned from Recruiting Female Sex Workers in Baltimore, MD'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this