Implementing routine outcome monitoring in public mental health services in Israel: Shared and unique challenges

Dana Tzur Bitan, Ori Ganor, Lior Biran, Yuval Bloch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: This study aimed to assess the feasibility, benefits, and challenges of routine outcome monitoring (ROM) in a public mental health centre in Israel. This is the first initiation of ROM implementation in a setting of a large psychiatric hospital, affiliated with the largest health maintenance organization in Israel, Clalit Health Services. Methods: Four ambulatory units were invited to participate in the implementation of ROM. Prior to initiation of recruitment, staff meetings were held and broad descriptions of current knowledge regarding benefits and challenges were discussed. Upon initiation of recruitment, patients completed outcome and process questionnaires during each session, and reports of patients' progress were sent to therapists soon after sessions ended. Results: One hundred sixty-three patients were invited to participate in measurement and feedback of therapy outcomes. Overall, 101 patients and 32 therapists agreed and actively participated in the implementation phase of ROM, producing 535 evaluated measurements and reports. Clinical, methodological, legal, administrative, and ethical aspects of the implementation were encountered and documented throughout the implementation process. Conclusions: Medical confidentiality issues, as well as the multidisciplinary nature of hospital staff work, serve as central and unique challenges for incorporating ROM in a public psychiatric hospital. Other challenges that were previously reported in other implementation studies were also encountered and included therapist overload and objections, attrition, and the need for organizational support. Recommendations for future pioneering efforts for ROM implementation in large psychiatric facilities are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-330
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


  • implementation
  • measurement and feedback
  • psychotherapy research
  • public mental health centre
  • routine outcome monitoring

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy


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