The out-of-equilibrium quantum dynamics of a bosonic Josephson junction (BJJ) with long-range interaction is studied in real space by solving the time-dependent many-body Schrödinger equation numerically accurately using the multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree method for bosons. Having the many-boson wave-function at hand we can examine the impact of the range of the interaction on the properties of the BJJ dynamics, viz. density oscillations and their collapse, self trapping, depletion and fragmentation, as well as the position variance, both at the mean-field and many-body level. Explicitly, the frequency of the density oscillations and the time required for their collapse, the value of fragmentation at the plateau, the maximal and the minimal values of the position variance in each cycle of oscillation and the overall pace of its growth are key to our study. We find competitive effect between the interaction and the confining trap. The presence of the tail part of the interaction basically enhances the effective repulsion as the range of the interaction is increased starting from a short, finite range. But, as the range becomes comparable with the trap size, the system approaches a situation where all the atoms feel a constant potential and the impact of the tail on the dynamics diminishes. There is an optimal range of the interaction in which physical quantities of the junction are attaining their extreme values.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This paper is dedicated to Professor Hans-Dieter Meyer, a dear colleague and friend, on the occasion of his 70th birthday. This research was supported by the Israel Science Foundation (Grant No. 600/15 ). We are grateful to Shachar Klaiman and Alexej Streltsov for discussions. Computation time on the High Performance Computing system Hive of the Faculty of Natural Sciences at the University of Haifa and on the Cray XC40 system Hazelhen at the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS) is gratefully acknowledged. SKH gratefully acknowledges the continuous hospitality of the Lewiner Institute for Theoretical Physics (LITP) at the Department of Physics, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology.
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry