Impact of dementia status on intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke: Retrospective study

Jonathan Naftali, Gal Tsur, Eitan Auriel, Rani Barnea, Michael Findler, Guy Raphaeli, Ran Brauner, Keshet Pardo, Alain Perlow, Galit Weinstein, Penina Weiss, Amir Glik, Ophir Keret

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Individuals with dementia are underrepresented in interventional studies for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). This research gap creates a bias against their treatment in clinical practice. Our goal was to compare the safety and efficacy of intravenous-thrombolysis (t-PA) and endovascular treatment (EVT) in individuals with or without pre-AIS dementia. Method: A retrospective study of AIS patients receiving t-PA or EVT between 2019 and 2022. Patients were classified as dementia on a case-by-case review of baseline assessment. Additional variables included demographic, vascular risk factors, AIS severity and treatment. Outcomes of interest were intracerebral hemorrhage, mortality in 90-days, and the difference in modified rankin scale (mRS) before AIS and in 90-days follow-up. Outcomes were compared across non-matched groups and following propensity-score matching. Results: Altogether, 628 patients were included, of which 68 had pre-AIS dementia. Compared to non-dementia group, dementia group were older, had a higher rate of vascular risk factors, higher pre-stroke mRS and higher baseline NIHSS. Individuals with dementia had higher rates of mortality (25% vs.11%,p < 0.01) on non-matched comparison. All cohort and restricted t-PA EVT matched analysis showed no difference in any outcome. Regression analysis confirmed that AIS severity at presentation and its treatment, not dementia, were the chief contributors to patients' outcomes. Discussion: Our results indicate that pre-AIS dementia does not impact the efficacy or safety of EVT or t-PA for AIS. We thus call for more inclusive research on stroke therapy with regards to baseline cognitive status. Such studies are urgently required to inform stroke guidelines and enhance care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122954
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume459
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Dementia
  • Endovascular treatment
  • Intravenous thrombolysis
  • Modified rankin scale
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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