People with spinal cord injuries (SCI), and particularly with high level lesions, can potentially lose the ability to effectively operate computers. The Multimedia Authoring and Management using your Eyes and Mind (MAMEM) project aims to design and produce a novel assistive device to support computer use by individuals with SCI and other disabilities. The solution harnesses eye tracking and brain waves, as measured by encephalography (EEG), to manipulate common computer functions. This paper describes the first step in the project, during which we defined clinically related requirements of the assistive device. These definitions were based on data from three sources: (1) a narrative review; (2) a focus group of SCI rehabilitation professionals; and (3) structured questionnaires administrated to potential computer users with SCI, addressing computer-use habits, barriers, and needs. We describe both the collection of data from each source and the clinically related requirements extracted. The novel three-source requirement assessment method is discussed, and the advantages and disadvantages of each data source are reported. In conclusion, we suggest that this approach makes it possible to organize, discuss, and prioritize the requirements, and to create a work program while planning the device. This increases our level of certainty that the efficacy and adequacy of the assistive device will be maximized, in terms of the clinical needs of users.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work is part of project MAMEM that has received funding from the European Union?s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 644780. MP, RK, ZK, SB and GZ were PIs in this project. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. The authors would like to thank Dr. Glen M. Dognier and Mr. Adam Grinberg for critically reading this manuscript and providing helpful comments. In addition, the authors would like to thank their European colleagues in the MAMEM project: S. Nikolopoulos, P. C. Petrantona-kis, K. Georgiadis, F. Kalaganis, G. Liaros, I. Lazarou, K. Adam, A. Papazoglou-Chalikias, E. Chatzilari, V. P.Oikonomou, I. Kompatsiaris. C. Kumar, R. Menges, S. Staab, D. M?ller, K. Sengupta, S. Fountoukidou, J. Ham, D. Athanasiou, A. Mariakaki, D. Comanducci, E. Sabatini, W. Nistico, M. Plank.
© 2019 Gottlieb et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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