Hydrologie und Wasserwirtschaft in Israel und der südlichen Levante

Translated title of the contribution: Hydrology and water management in Israel and the southern Levant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Israel, located in a semi-arid Mediterranean to arid climate region, similar to other countries in the southern Levant, suffers from water scarcity. The natural water resources -1.2 billion m3per year on average, mostly groundwater together with water pumped from the Sea of Galilee, cover only half of annual water consumption amounting to 2.4 billion m3per year. In 2008, this water scarcity and the increasing demand triggered a long-term programme of seawater desalination (about 30 % of annual consumption at present) as well as increasing water recycling mainly for agriculture (about 20 %). This enables Israel to provide water also to Jordan and to the Palestinian Authority.

Translated title of the contributionHydrology and water management in Israel and the southern Levant
Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)24-29
Number of pages6
JournalGeographische Rundschau
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Water Science and Technology
  • General Energy
  • Atmospheric Science


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