Hybrid classifiers for object classification with a rich background

Margarita Osadchy, Daniel Keren, Bella Fadida-Specktor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The majority of current methods in object classification use the one-against-rest training scheme. We argue that when applied to a large number of classes, this strategy is problematic: as the number of classes increases, the negative class becomes a very large and complicated collection of images. The resulting classification problem then becomes extremely unbalanced, and kernel SVM classifiers trained on such sets require long training time and are slow in prediction. To address these problems, we propose to consider the negative class as a background and characterize it by a prior distribution. Further, we propose to construct "hybrid" classifiers, which are trained to separate this distribution from the samples of the positive class. A typical classifier first projects (by a function which may be non-linear) the inputs to a one-dimensional space, and then thresholds this projection. Theoretical results and empirical evaluation suggest that, after projection, the background has a relatively simple distribution, which is much easier to parameterize and work with. Our results show that hybrid classifiers offer an advantage over SVM classifiers, both in performance and complexity, especially when the negative (background) class is large.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputer Vision, ECCV 2012 - 12th European Conference on Computer Vision, Proceedings
Pages284-297
Number of pages14
EditionPART 5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Event12th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2012 - Florence, Italy
Duration: 7 Oct 201213 Oct 2012

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
NumberPART 5
Volume7576 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference12th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2012
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityFlorence
Period7/10/1213/10/12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science

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