This paper presents an attempt to formulate universal, context‐free normative rules for selecting remedies for undesirable events like diseases, malfunctions, conflicts etc. A formal model meant to compare remedies in view of a number of properties of the effect, the causes, and the remedies, is developed. Several conclusions that do not depend on assessments of costs and probabilities are derived. Two of them are incompatible with two myths of everyday thinking: (a) that preventing is better than curing, (b) that it is best to strike at the root of an evil.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (all)