The present study aims to examine the linguistic and orthographic proximity hypothesis in new script acquisition by comparing the performance of Circassian L1 speaking children who are emerging quadri-literates with Hebrew L1 speaking children who are emerging biliterates. Tests in decoding and spelling various English target conventions were conducted. Thirty 10 year old Circassian L1 speaking children were compared to 46 Hebrew L1 speaking children. Results show that the group of Circassian L1 speaking children outperformed the group of Hebrew L1 speaking children and showed a significant advantage in decoding and spelling target orthographic conventions. There were no significant differences between the two groups on decoding and spelling the silent (e), which provided a challenge for both groups. The results provide support for the linguistic and orthographic proximity hypothesis whereby phonemes and orthographic characteristics that exist in a child's first or additional language system and writing system facilitate acquisition of orthographic conventions in a new language and writing system.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a grant from Oranim Academic College of Education Graduate Department to the first and fourth authors. The data was collected by the second author in the framework of an M.Ed. extended final paper completed in the Languages Teaching Program, Oranim Academic College of Education.
- Linguistic and orthographic proximity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Language and Linguistics
- Linguistics and Language