Housing model for persons with serious mental illness moderates the relation between loneliness and quality of life

Adi Weiner, David Roe, Michal Mashiach-Eizenberg, Vered Baloush-Kleinman, Hen Maoz, Philip T. Yanos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study compared levels of loneliness, quality of life (QOL) and social support among people with serious mental illness (SMI) living in two different types of housing: group homes and supportive community housing. Forty persons with SMI living in supportive community housing and 57 living in a group home completed measures of QOL, symptoms, perceived social support and loneliness. Analysis of variance tests were conducted to examine whether there were differences in degree of loneliness, QOL and social support between the groups living in the two residential types. No significant differences between the two housing models were found. Correlational analysis, however, indicated a strong relationship between loneliness and QOL. Subsequent regression analysis revealed that residence in group homes moderates the relationship between social loneliness and QOL, such that social loneliness impacted QOL only among group home residence. Implications of the findings for understanding the impact of housing on QOL are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)389-397
Number of pages9
JournalCommunity Mental Health Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Together, findings of the current study stress the advantages of more independent types of housing and the benefits of the opportunities they provide. Findings also reveal that loneliness, and in particular, romantic loneliness is profound and requires creative efforts, independent of housing types, to provide more opportunities for social relations and intimacy. A recent interesting initiative that has developed in Israel is the ‘‘MAKSHIVIM’’ program (IAPSRA 2008), a moderated online support group for consumers. It is funded by the Israel Ministry of Health and is growing rapidly.


  • Housing
  • Loneliness
  • Quality of life
  • Severe mental illness
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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