Hebrew computational linguistics: Past and Future

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper reviews the current state of the art in Natural Language Processing for Hebrew, both theoretical and practical. The Hebrew language, like other Semitic languages, poses special challenges for developers of programs for natural language processing: the writing system, rich morphology, unique word formation process of roots and patterns, lack of linguistic corpora that document language usage, all contribute to making computational approaches to Hebrew challenging. The paper briefly reviews the field of computational linguistics and the problems it addresses, describes the special difficulties inherent to Hebrew (as well as to other Semitic languages), surveys a wide variety of past and ongoing works and attempts to characterize future needs and possible solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-138
Number of pages26
JournalArtificial Intelligence Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2004

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
I am grateful to Mori Rimon, Uzzi Ornan and Alon Itai for commenting on earlier drafts of this paper. I am especially indebted to Shlomo Izre’el for his encouragement and many useful comments. This work was supported by the Israeli Science Foundation (grant No. 136/1).


  • Computational linguistics
  • Hebrew
  • Natural language processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Artificial Intelligence


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