Growth in the shadow of war: The case of social workers and nurses working in a shared war reality

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This study aimed to assess post-traumatic stress symptoms and vicarious traumatization (VT) versus post-traumatic growth (PTG) among Israeli practitioners who shared war-related reality with their clients during the Second Lebanon-Israel war (2006). In addition, the contribution of potency (one's personal resource) and the role of peri-traumatic dissociation (the emotional detachment activated during or immediately after a traumatic event) were examined. Two months after the war, a convenience sample of 204 practitioners (seventy-six nurses and 128 social workers), all residents and employees in the Haifa area, were administered a self-report questionnaire. Findings showed that nurses had higher post-traumatic growth (PTG) compared with social workers. Personal resource (potency) was found to contribute to the reduction of vicarious traumatization (VT), whereas peri-traumatic dissociation was found to contribute to both PTG and VT in the group of social workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1154-1174
Number of pages21
JournalBritish Journal of Social Work
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 2009


  • Peri-traumatic dissociation
  • Post-traumatic growth
  • Post-traumatic stress symptoms
  • Practitioners
  • Resilience
  • Shared war reality
  • Trauma
  • Vicarious traumatization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)


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