Globalization: Migrant nurses' acculturation and their healthcare encounters as consumers of healthcare

Cheryl Zlotnick, Harshida Patel, Parveen Azam Ali, Temitayo Odewusi, Marie Louise Luiking

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Globally, one of every eight nurses is a migrant, but few studies have focused on the healthcare experiences of migrant nurses (MNs) as consumers or recipients of healthcare. We address this gap by examining MNs and their acculturation, barriers to healthcare access, and perceptions of healthcare encounters as consumers. For this mixed-methods study, a convenience sample of MNs working in Europe and Israel was recruited. The quantitative component's methods included testing the reliability of scales contained within the questionnaire and using Hayes Process Model #4 to test for mediation. The qualitative component's methods included analyzing interviews with iterative inductive thematic analysis. Quantitative findings on MNs (n = 73) indicated that the association between acculturation and perception of the healthcare encounter, which MNs experienced as healthcare consumers, was mediated by barriers to healthcare access, even after adjusting for age and gender (p = 0.03). Qualitative interviews with MNs (n = 13) provided possible explanations for the quantitative findings. Even after working in the host country's healthcare system for several years, MNs reported difficulties with their healthcare encounters as healthcare consumers, not only due to their limited knowledge about the culture and healthcare resources but also due to the biased responses they received.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNursing Inquiry
StateAccepted/In press - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Nursing Inquiry published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


  • acculturation
  • foreign nurses
  • globalization
  • healthcare experiences
  • migrants
  • workforce diversity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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