Giftedness and High Ability in Mathematics

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Mathematical giftedness is an extremely complex construct exhibited in mathematical invention which is clearly exhibited in work of professional mathematicians. Mathematical giftedness implies high mathematical abilities. Nonetheless, often mathematical giftedness is perceived as inborn personal characteristic, whereas high abilities in mathematics are perceived as a dynamic characteristic that can be developed. The dynamic view of mathematical giftedness assumes that it can be realized only if appropriate opportunities are provided to a person with high mathematical potential. Mathematical talent, which is realized giftedness, is expressed in high-level performance in mathematics that leads to mathematical discoveries and, thus, is closely connected with mathematical creativity.
There is no singular clear definition of mathematical giftedness. Moreover, until recently, the construct of mathematical giftedness was overlooked in mathematics education research for several...
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Mathematics Education
EditorsStephen Lerman
Place of PublicationDordrecht
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)978-94-007-4978-8
StatePublished - 2014


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