Getting a life: Gender differences in postwar recovery

Shaul Kimhi, Yohanan Eshel, Leehu Zysberg, Shira Hantman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examined gender differences in stress symptoms and recovery one year after the end of war, among two Israeli samples (adults n = 870 and adolescents n = 810). MANOVA analysis indicated that females reported higher levels of stress symptoms and lower levels of postwar recovery compared to males. Adolescents reported lower levels of stress and higher levels of recovery compared to adults. Path analysis supported the following: Gender associated negatively with family support and sense of danger. Sense of danger associated positively with symptoms and negatively with recovery, while family support associated with these variables in the opposite direction. Mediation test indicated that family support and sense of danger served as mediators between gender and recovery and between gender and stress symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)554-565
Number of pages12
JournalSex Roles
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - Sep 2009
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgement This study was supported by grant from the UJA Federation of New York.


  • Family support
  • Gender differences
  • Mediation model
  • Posttraumatic recovery
  • Sense of danger
  • Stress symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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