Geoarchaeological investigations of the river harbours of Noviodunum – The headquarters of the Roman Imperial fleet (Lower Danube, Romania)

Alexandra Bivolaru, Christophe Morhange, Aurel Daniel Stănică, Tiberiu Sava, Daniela Pascal, Marian Mocanu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Noviodunum was the headquarters of the Roman Imperial fleet Classis Flavia Moesica from the 1st c. AD. Its importance as a river port is shown by its description in various ancient sources and itineraria. The settlement is located on a limestone promontory on the right bank of the River Danube (Romania). Its location is highly strategic, as it is the last narrow crossing of the river before entering the Danube Delta and thereafter the Black Sea. Despite its advantageous position, the settlement location was geomorphologically challenging; issues of flooding, rising groundwater tables, drainage problems, mobility and erosion of the concave banks and sedimentary budget have all played a role in the evolution of the site, and in turn, the location and preservation of archaeological remains. Understanding the processes operating in this dynamic environment has required an interdisciplinary research study. Here we present the results of a multi-proxy approach combining bio-sedimentology, granulometry, statistical analysis and archaeology. Our geoarchaeological research aimed to (1) understand the Danube's palaeodynamics in order to (2) locate and characterise the harbours. Our findings suggest the existence of two possible harbour basins, upstream and downstream of the fortress, that functioned until at least the 5th c. AD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103614
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Volume45
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 713750. It also received the financial support of the Regional Council of Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur and A*MIDEX (n° ANR-11-IDEX-0001-02), funded by the Investissements d'Avenir project funded by the French Government and managed by the French National Research Agency-ANR. The archaeological excavation was funded from OT-MED project ‘Geoarchaeology of the ancient harbor of Histria (Danube delta, Romania)’ in the framework of AMU-ICEM Tulcea partnership. We would like to thank to Adrian Vladu, Marie Pawlowicz, Ninon Basuau, Luca Ionescu, Marius Streinu and Valentin Bottez for their help during fieldwork. We would also like to thank to Patrick Pentsch (AMU) for his invaluable help with the illustrations. We would also like to thank the two anonymous reviewers as well as the editors of JAS:Reports for their insightful remarks, which helped to improve the paper.

Funding Information:
This project received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 713750. It also received the financial support of the Regional Council of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur and A*MIDEX (n° ANR-11-IDEX-0001-02), funded by the Investissements d'Avenir project funded by the French Government and managed by the French National Research Agency-ANR. The archaeological excavation was funded from OT-MED project ‘Geoarchaeology of the ancient harbor of Histria (Danube delta, Romania)’ in the framework of AMU-ICEM Tulcea partnership. We would like to thank to Adrian Vladu, Marie Pawlowicz, Ninon Basuau, Luca Ionescu, Marius Streinu and Valentin Bottez for their help during fieldwork. We would also like to thank to Patrick Pentsch (AMU) for his invaluable help with the illustrations. We would also like to thank the two anonymous reviewers as well as the editors of JAS:Reports for their insightful remarks, which helped to improve the paper.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Ancient harbour
  • Danube
  • Fluvial geoarchaeology
  • Geomorphology
  • Limes
  • Multi-proxy approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

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