Geoarchaeological investigation in a domestic iron age quarter, Tel Megiddo, Israel

Lior Regev, Dan Cabanes, Robert Homsher, Assaf Kleiman, Steve Weiner, Israel Finkelstein, Ruth Shahack-Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

During the ongoing excavations of Area Q at Tel Megiddo, a variety of on-site geoarchaeological analytical methods have been used in the study of Iron Age occupations dating to the Iron Age IIA. The aim of this approach is to optimally combine macroarchaeology with microarchaeology in order to reconstruct activities that were carried out within an Iron Age urban neighborhood. The macroscopic finds indicate that this area belonged to a quarter that features both domestic and public structures. Of particular interest are (a) evidence for abandonment and spatial differentiation of activities in Level Q-5 associated with a large, well-built structure with 18 pillars; and (b) localized small-scale destruction associated with ephemeral metalworking activity related to occupation during Level Q-4. Similar approaches have been carried out at other sites in Israel (e.g., Tel Dor and Tell es-Sâfi/Gath), yet only at Megiddo have we been able to use these methods to study a large excavation area (ca. 200 m2). The results shed new light on the variability of human activities in public and domestic contexts in an urban environment, and contribute to understanding the uses of space and the phenomenon of destruction by fire.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-157
Number of pages23
JournalBulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
Volume374
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2015

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This large-scale integrative work was carried out jointly by the Kimmel Center for Archaeological Science at the Weizmann Institute of Science and the Megiddo Expedition through the Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, Tel Aviv University. We wish to thank all personnel and students from both institutions who volunteered to help during fieldwork. This study was funded by the European Research Council under the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013/ERC agreement no. 229418), granted to Israel Finkelstein and Steve Weiner, and in which Ruth Shahack-Gross led the geoarchaeology research track. We also thank the anonymous reviewers for their useful comments which helped improve this article.

Funding Information:
This large-scale integrative work was carried out jointly by the Kimmel Center for Archaeological Science at the Weizmann Institute of Science and the Megiddo Expedition through the Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, Tel Aviv University. We wish to thank all personnel and students from both institutions who volunteered to help during fieldwork . This study was funded by the European Research Council under the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013/ERC agreement no. 229418), granted to Israel Finkelstein and Steve Weiner, and in which Ruth Shahack-Gross led the geoarchaeology research track. We also thank the anonymous reviewers for their useful comments which helped improve this article.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 American Schools of Oriental Research.

Keywords

  • FTIR spectroscopy
  • Geoarchaeology
  • Human activities
  • Iron age
  • Megiddo
  • Micromorphology
  • Phytoliths

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Archaeology

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