Genomic insights into zokors' phylogeny and speciation in China

Xi Liu, Shangzhe Zhang, Zhenyuan Cai, Zhuoran Kuang, Na Wan, Yinjia Wang, Leyan Mao, Xuan An, Fang Li, Tuo Feng, Xiaolong Liang, Zhenglei Qiao, Eviatar Nevo, Kexin Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


SignificancePhylogenies are the basis of many ecological and evolutionary studies. However, zokor phylogeny and speciation patterns are heavily debated. This study disentangled the phylogeny and speciation of zokors genomically. Six species of the Eospalax were separated into high-altitude E. baileyi and E. smithi and the rest four low-altitude species by recent Qinghai-Tibet Plateau uplift 3.6 million y ago. E. rothschildi and E. smithi speciated south of the Qinling-Huaihe Line, where refuges were supplied during glaciation. Introgression and incomplete lineage sorting led to the complex phylogeny of zokors. Genomic islands were formed due to ancient polymorphisms and divergence hitchhiking. This study concluded that climatic, geological, and tectonic events shaped the phylogeny and speciation of zokors in China.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e2121819119
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number19
StatePublished - 10 May 2022


  • incomplete lineage sorting
  • introgression
  • Myospalacinae
  • population genomics
  • speciation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


Dive into the research topics of 'Genomic insights into zokors' phylogeny and speciation in China'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this