Genome-wide analysis of DNA turnover and gene expression in stationary-phase Saccharomyces cerevisiae

A. De Morgan, L. Brodsky, Y. Ronin, E. Nevo, A. Korol, Y. Kashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Exponential-phase yeast cells readily enter stationary phase when transferred to fresh, carbondeficient medium, and can remain fully viable for up to several months. It is known that stationaryphase prokaryotic cells may still synthesize substantial amounts of DNA. Although the basis of this phenomenon remains unclear, this DNA synthesis may be the result of DNA maintenance and repair, recombination, and stress-induced transposition of mobile elements, which may occur in the absence of DNA replication. To the best of our knowledge, the existence of DNA turnover in stationary-phase unicellular eukaryotes remains largely unstudied. By performing cDNA-spotted (i.e. ORF) microarray analysis of stationary cultures of a haploid Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, we demonstrated on a genomic scale the localization of a DNA-turnover marker [5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine (BrdU); an analogue of thymidine], indicative of DNA synthesis in discrete, multiple sites across the genome. Exponential-phase cells on the other hand, exhibited a uniform, total genomic DNA synthesis pattern, possibly the result of DNA replication. Interestingly, BrdUlabelled sites exhibited a significant overlap with highly expressed features. We also found that the distribution among chromosomes of BrdU-labelled and expressed features deviates from random distribution; this was also observed for the overlapping set. Ty1 retrotransposon genes were also found to be labelled with BrdU, evidence for transposition during stationary phase; however, they were not significantly expressed. We discuss the relevance and possible connection of these results to DNA repair, mutation and related phenomena in higher eukaryotes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1758-1771
Number of pages14
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology


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