Genetic resources of wild cereals in Israel and vicinity. I. Phenotypic variation within and between populations of wild wheat, Triticum dicoccoides

Eviatar Nevo, Avigdor Beiles, Yitzchak Gutterman, Nurith Storch, Diane Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Populations of wild emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccoides, in Israel, originating from diverse habitats, and tested earlier for allozyme (Nevo et al., 1982) and disease resistance polymorphisms (Moseman et al., 1983a, 1983b; Nevo et al., 1984a, 1984b), were compared and contrasted for performance in agronomically important phenotypic traits. The traits compared involved 10 variables comparing germination, earliness, biomass and yield variables. The field experiments were conducted in 1980, 1981 and 1982 in two relatively standardized and contrasting environments: mesic (Mount Carmel, Haifa) and xeric (Acedat Farm, and Sede Boqer, in the northern Negev desert). The experimental design involved 12 population quadrangles at Avedat Farm in 1980, and rows of randomized genotypes of five populations in both Haifa and Sede Boqer in 1981 and 1982. The results indicate that the characters studied are partly genetically determined. Striking genetic variation was found between and, at least in some characters, also within populations in each site, whereas remarkable environmental variation including genetic-environmental interaction was found between the mesic and the xeric sites. We conclude that natural populations of wild emmer wheat in Israel vary not only in genetic polymorphisms of allozymes and disease resistance, but also in quantitative traits of agronomic importance. These traits are economically significant and should be conserved and utilized in wheat crop improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-735
Number of pages19
JournalEuphytica
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1984

Keywords

  • agronomic traits
  • genetic resources
  • phenotypic and genotypic variation in natural populations
  • Triticum dicoccoides
  • wild emmer
  • wild wheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Horticulture

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