Gender, primary headache, and psychological distress

Ora Gilbar, Yitzhak Bazak, Yael Harel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The study compared the psychological symptoms of 26 young men and 65 young women referred to a neurology clinic in northern Israel by their family physicians for medical advice regarding headache. The main findings indicated that the women had more severe psychological symptoms than the men in six subscales, although only in somatization, depression, and additional items did the differences reach statistical significance. The authors recommend, in addition to medical intervention, special psychological intervention for women, which would offer counseling in developing coping skills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-34
Number of pages4
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1998


  • Distress
  • Gender
  • Primary headache
  • Psychological distress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology


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