Gender-Based Wage Differences: The Effects of Occupation and Job Segregation in Israel

Urs E. Gattiker, Aaron Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article reports on an analysis of gender differences in the process governing salary disparity between typically female occupations and typically male occupations. The research surveyed 771 white collar employees. The findings indicate that choice of occupation does affect income disparity. This study provides evidence of pay discrimination against men in predominantly female occupations and against women in female- and male-dominated positions. In contrast to North American studies, women did not experience a positive effect by being employed in the public sector, nor did either of the genders working in larger organizations. The implications of the findings for the generalizability of human capital, structural and institutional theories explaining wage disparity in a cross-national context are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)507-529
Number of pages23
JournalRelations Industrielles
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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