During the resolution of acute inflammation, macrophages undergo reprogramming from pro-inflammatory, to anti-inflammatory/reparative, and eventually to pro-resolving macrophages. Galectin-1 (Gal-1) is a bona fide pro-resolving lectin while interferon β (IFN-β) was recently shown to facilitate macrophage reprogramming and resolution of inflammation. In this study, we found Gal-1null mice exhibit a hyperinflammatory phenotype during the resolution of zymosan A-induced peritonitis but not during the early inflammatory response. This phenotype was characterized by reduced macrophage numbers, increased secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-12 (IL-12), and reduced secretion of anti-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-10 (IL-10). In addition, we found a delayed expression of the pro-resolving enzyme 12/15-lipoxygenase in macrophages and heightened levels of the inflammatory protease proteinase-3 (PR3) in peritoneal fluids from Gal-1null mice. Moreover, we observed sex-dependent differences in the inflammatory profile of Gal-1null mice. Notably, we found that IFN-β levels were reduced in resolution-phase exudates from Gal-1null mice. Administration of IFN-β in vivo or ex vivo treatment was able to rescue, at least in part, the hyperinflammatory profile of Gal-1null mice. In particular, IFN-β recovered a subset of F4/80+GR-1+ macrophages, restored IL-12 and IL-10 secretion from macrophages to WT values and diminished abnormal peritoneal PR3 levels in Gal-1null mice. In conclusion, our results revealed a new Gal-1-IFN-β axis that facilitates the resolution of inflammation and might restrain uncontrolled inflammatory disorders.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Kfir Lapid, Ph.D. (Berlin, Germany) for the professional manuscript writing and editing services. The study was supported by grants from the Israel Science Foundation (Grant No. 678/13), the Rosetrees Trust and the Wolfson Family Charitable Trust.
© Copyright © 2020 Yaseen, Butenko, Polishuk-Zotkin, Schif-Zuck, Pérez-Sáez, Rabinovich and Ariel.
- macrophage reprogramming
- proteinase 3
- resolution of inflammation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)