Future Time Perspective and Motivation

Willy Lens, Rachel Seginer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


In this article we discuss future time perspective (FTP) and future orientation (FO) as two cognitive-motivational conceptualizations of future thinking. We first delineate each conceptualization and conclude by highlighting some of its commonalities and differences. We then summarize research on the motivational antecedents and consequences of FTP and FO. Finally we relate our research to three issues: Why is it that not all future thinking prompt behavior? Does culture (as well as other aspects of the social milieu) matter? How can our research findings be implemented to improve individuals' prospects?.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
StatePublished - 26 Mar 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


  • Academic achievement
  • Achieved identity
  • Autonomous motivation
  • Controlled motivation
  • Delay of gratification
  • Future life domain
  • Future orientation
  • Future thinking
  • Future time perspective
  • Goal setting
  • Motivation
  • Perceived instrumentality
  • Psychological distance
  • Resilience

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (all)


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