Future of durum wheat research and breeding: Insights from early career researchers

Amanda R. Peters Haugrud, Ana Laura Achilli, Raquel Martínez-Peña, Valentyna Klymiuk

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Durum wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum) is globally cultivated for pasta, couscous, and bulgur production. With the changing climate and growing world population, the need to significantly increase durum production to meet the anticipated demand is paramount. This review summarizes recent advancements in durum research, encompassing the exploitation of existing and novel genetic diversity, exploration of potential new diversity sources, breeding for climate-resilient varieties, enhancements in production and management practices, and the utilization of modern technologies in breeding and cultivar development. In comparison to bread wheat (T. aestivum), the durum wheat community and production area are considerably smaller, often comprising many small-family farmers, notably in African and Asian countries. Public breeding programs such as the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) and the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) play a pivotal role in providing new and adapted cultivars for these small-scale growers. We spotlight the contributions of these and others in this review. Additionally, we offer our recommendations on key areas for the durum research community to explore in addressing the challenges posed by climate change while striving to enhance durum production and sustainability. As part of the Wheat Initiative, the Expert Working Group on Durum Wheat Genomics and Breeding recognizes the significance of collaborative efforts in advancing toward a shared objective. We hope the insights presented in this review stimulate future research and deliberations on the trajectory for durum wheat genomics and breeding.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPlant Genome
Early online date17 May 2024
StateE-pub ahead of print - 17 May 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors. The Plant Genome published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of Crop Science Society of America.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Future of durum wheat research and breeding: Insights from early career researchers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this