Functional type, voice, and the javanese DI-form

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper introduces the concept of functional type, a particular combination of functions which are realized in a single clause, and applies this concept to data on voice from Javanese and English, comparing the English passive and two Javanese constructions with passive-like structural and functional properties. It is shown that what is conceived of as general passive function can be divided into a number of different functional types, each one associated with particular discourse properties of the agent and patient and a particular combination of structural representations in Javanese and English.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-409
Number of pages39
JournalStudies in Language
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Communication
  • Linguistics and Language


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