Formation of sequential basins along a strike-slip fault-Geophysical observations from the Dead Sea basin

Michael Lazar, Zvi Ben-Avraham, Uri Schattner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Dead Sea basin is often cited as one of the classic examples for the evolution of pull-apart basins along strike-slip faults. Despite its significance, the internal structure of the northern Dead Sea basin has never been addressed conclusively. In order to produce the first comprehensive, high-resolution analysis of this area, all available seismic data from the northern Dead Sea (lake)-lower Jordan valley (land) were combined. Results show that the northern Dead Sea basin is comprised of a system of tectonically controlled sub-basins delimited by the converging Western and Eastern boundary faults of the Dead Sea fault valley. These sub-basins grow shallower and smaller to the north and are separated by structural saddles marking the location of active transverse faults. The sedimentary fill within the sub-basins was found to be relatively thicker than previously interpreted. As a result of the findings of this study, the "classic" model for the development of pull-aparts, based on the Dead Sea, is revised. The new comprehensive compilation of data produced here for the first time was used to improve upon existing conceptual models and may advance the understanding of similar basinal systems elsewhere.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-69
Number of pages17
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 18 Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Dead Sea
  • Pull apart basins
  • Sequential basins
  • Strike-slip faults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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