Forced folding and complex overburden deformation associated with magmatic intrusion in the Vøring Basin, offshore Norway

Kamaldeen Olakunle Omosanya, Ståle E. Johansen, Ovie Emmanuel Eruteya, Nicolas Waldmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, three-dimensional seismic reflection and borehole data from the Vøring Basin, offshore Norway have been used to characterize a supra-sill related forced fold to understand its evolution and relevance in the context of regional tectonics. Magmatic sills were recognised to be positive high-amplitude anomalies with similar polarity to the seabed reflection. The seismic dataset reveals two groups of sills in the study area comprising interconnected sills beneath the regional forced fold, and those intruded into the overburden. Magmatic sills forming the interconnected sill complex are emplaced at a depth of about 5.5 s TWTT below the modern seafloor. Aspect ratio (length/width), A for the sills ranges from 1.63–6.90. The regional forced fold is interpreted based on its bathymetric and seismic-stratigraphic expression on horizon H7, which is part of the Palaeocene to Eocene Tang Formation. Amplitude of the accommodation fold is about 780 km2. Hydrothermal vent complexes and fluid-flow conduits in the study area develop above the sill edges and on the flanks of the interconnected sill complex extending from the lower part of the Tang Formation to the uppermost section of the Brygge Formation evidencing vertically focussed fluid flow in the study area. The overlying overburden is in turn deformed and structurally compartmentalized through forced folding and Late Cenozoic tectonics. We demonstrate that accommodation folding is formed in response to the emplacement of several interconnected sills during the opening of the Norwegian-Greenland Seas. Sill emplacement in the study area causes uplift of the Cretaceous to Palaeocene depocentre prior to further restructuration during Cenozoic tectonic inversion. Magmatic intrusions documented in this study have wider implications for understanding supra-sill deformations along volcanic margins with well-developed emplaced sills at depth and likewise hydrocarbon prospectivity in the study area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-34
Number of pages21
StatePublished - 5 Jun 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier B.V.


  • Forced fold
  • Hydrocarbon exploration
  • Inversion
  • Naglfar Dome
  • Sills
  • Vøring Basin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes


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