Several species of mosquitoes respond to the presence of kairomones released by larvivorous predators during oviposition habitat selection and larval development. These responses may differ among mosquito species and do not always correlate with larval survival. This study examined the responses of the mosquito Culiseta longiareolata Macquart (Diptera: Culicidae) to kairomones released by three species of fish, Gambusia affinis (Cyprinodontiformes: Poeciliidae), Aphanius mento (Cyprinodontiformes: Cyprinodontidae) and Garra rufa (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) during oviposition. In addition, the study examined the effects of kairomones released by Gm. affinis on larval development and survival. Results show that ovipositing female avoided cues from the two larvivorous fish species but not the algivorous Gr. rufa. In addition, developing larvae metamorphosed slower and showed increased mortality when exposed to fish-released kairomones. Culiseta longiareolata larvae are known as dominant competitors, and the straightforward responses of both larvae and adult female to fish-released kairomones may be explained by the lack of additional sources of larval stress other than the presence of predators.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America.All rights reserved.
- life history
- oviposition habitat selection
- predator-released kairomone
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Veterinary (all)
- Insect Science
- Infectious Diseases