A single specimen of a pelagiid jellyfish collected next to Ashdod port, Israel, is referred to the genus Chrysaora Péron and Lesueur, 1810 based on molecular examinations. Despite the inability to check morphological features of diagnostic value, molecular analyses based on the mitochondrial barcoding gene cytochrome oxidase sub unit I (COI), 16S and 28S ribosomal DNA reveal marked dissimilarities from both the Northeast Atlantic-Mediterranean native Chrysaora hysoscella (Linnaeus, 1767) and the closest GeneBank/BoLD available congener, the West African C. africana (Vanhöffen, 1902). It is suggested that the species is new to science and non-native to the Mediterranean Sea, possibly the sixth introduced scyphozoan species reported in the Levant Sea.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Ministry of Energy project no. 218-17-009. We are grateful to the reviewers for their advice and encouragement.
© Douek et al.
- Alien species
- Chrysaora pseudoocellata
- Citizen science
- Levant Sea
- Molecular tools
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics