FIFO Versus LIFO Issuing Policies for Stochastic Perishable Inventory Systems

Mahmut Parlar, David Perry, Wolfgang Stadje

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We consider an inventory system for perishable items in which the arrival times of the items to be stored and the ones of the demands for those items form independent Poisson processes. The shelf lifetime of every item is finite and deterministic. Every demand is for a single item and is satisfied by one of the items on the shelf, if available. A demand remains unsatisfied if it arrives at an empty shelf. The aim of this paper is to compare two issuing policies: under FIFO ('first in, first out') any demand is satisfied by the item with the currently longest shelf life, while under LIFO ('last in, first out') always the youngest item on the shelf is assigned first. We determine the long-run net average profit as a function of the system parameters under each of the two policies, taking into account the revenue earned from satisfied demands, the cost of shelf space, penalties for unsatisfied demands, and the purchase cost of incoming items. The analytical results are used in several numerical examples in which the optimal input rate and the maximum expected long-run average profit under FIFO and under LIFO are determined and compared. We also provide a sensitivity analysis of the optimal solution for varying parameter values.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)405-417
Number of pages13
JournalMethodology and Computing in Applied Probability
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements The authors thank the referee for his/her insightful comments that helped improve the paper. M. Parlar was supported by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and W. Stadje was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.


  • FIFO
  • Issuing policy
  • LIFO
  • Long-run average profit
  • Perishable inventory system
  • Sensitivity analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • General Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'FIFO Versus LIFO Issuing Policies for Stochastic Perishable Inventory Systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this