Feasibility Examination of the Field Multi-focal Metallography Method (FMM) for Characterisation of Metallic Marine Artefacts

N. Iddan, D. Ashkenazi, D. Cvikel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Field multi-focal metallography (FMM) is a development of field metallographic replication (FMR). It is an innovative minimally destructive technique that facilitates high-resolution metallographic observations of metallic object surfaces, regardless of their orientation to the optical axis of the microscope. Several artefacts retrieved during underwater excavations (a bronze powder chamber, a stud-link anchor chain, a winch, a heart-shaped shackle, a deadeye strap with a futtock plate, and an iron stud-link chain controller) were examined. The FMM results were compared with conventional metallography, where the sampling process inflicts substantial damage to the item. This FMM trial produced results of comparable quality to conventional metallography for both the bronze and the ferrous objects. It revealed the microstructure of the archaeological objects with minimal damage. The FMM method was shown to be a suitable tool for the study of ancient metal objects retrieved from shipwrecks.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMetallography, Microstructure, and Analysis
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2024.

Keywords

  • Bronze
  • Cast and wrought iron
  • Conventional metallography
  • Field metallographic replication (FMR)
  • Field multi-focal metallography (FMM)
  • Microstructure
  • Shipwreck

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Metals and Alloys

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