Families under war: Stresses and strains of Israeli families during the Gulf war

Yoav Lavee, Amith Ben-David

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study assessed sources of stress, perception of the situation, and effect of the war upon Israeli families during the first week of the Gulf war. Sixty six families were randomly selected and were telephone interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Responses to questions regarding the stresses and strains of war and their effect on the family are described. Four sources of stress seemed to affect families: Existential fear, ambiguity, war-related hardships, and intrafamily strain. Families perceived the situation along a continuum ranging from catastrophic, through difficult but optimistic, to bearable. The effect of the war situation on families was assessed by respondents as positive, neutral or negative. The findings are discussed in terms of their relation to four types of family response in a shared stressful situation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)239-254
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1993


  • Israel
  • family
  • stress
  • war

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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