Factors that affect small business performance in Canada

Amarjit Gill, Nahum Biger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The importance of small business performance cannot be ignored. Small business enterprises encourage expansion and prosperity of the Canadian economy and have helped to secure a more stable position for Canada in the economic recession. This paper seeks to extend the findings of Robson and Bernard (2007) and Okpara and Wynn (2007) related to barriers to small business growth. This study utilised survey research (a non-experimental field study design). Small business owners from Western Canada were surveyed in order to gather information. Subjects were asked about their beliefs and feelings regarding factors that affect the performance of their small businesses. The findings of this paper indicate that lack of financing, market challenges, and regulatory issues are perceived as factors that negatively affect the performance of small business in Canada. The results also show that sales level of small firms ('past success') has positive impact on small business performance in Canada. This paper brings empirical evidence to the studies of factors affecting small business performance. In addition, it offers useful insight into the non-financial measures of success. The findings may be useful for the Canadian governments and small business management advisors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-193
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Canada
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Lack of financing
  • LOF
  • Market challenges
  • MC
  • Regulatory issues
  • RI
  • SBP
  • Small business performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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