Factors relating to regular education teacher burnout in inclusive education

Rachel Talmor, Shunit Reiter, Neomi Feigin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    The aims of the research were to identify the environmental factors that relate to the work of regular school teachers who have students with special needs in their classroom, and to find out the correlation between these factors and teacher burnout. A total 330 primary school teachers filled in a questionnaire that had three parts: (1) personal background data; (2) the Friedman's burnout questionnaire, and (3) environmental features typical of the work of school teachers that include students with special needs in their classroom, in four areas: psychological features, organizational, structural and social. Results show that the background data that related significantly to burnout was teachers' attitudes towards inclusion. The more positive the attitude was, the more the teacher experienced burnout in the category of self-fulfilment. This finding was contrary to the hypothesis of the research. Two other background variables were found to relate to the de-personalization aspect of burnout, teaching higher-grade students and having an additional administrative role in school. Two other findings that were found to correlate with higher burnout rates were the number of students with special needs in class (more than 20%) and very little assistance provided to the teacher. Three environmental factors were found to have negative correlation with burnout: the organizational factor, the psychological and the social, with the latter being the most significantly negatively correlated with burnout - i.e. the less social support the teacher experienced, the higher was her level of burnout.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)215-229
    Number of pages15
    JournalEuropean Journal of Special Needs Education
    Issue number2
    StatePublished - May 2005


    • Inclusion
    • Regular education teachers
    • Teacher burnout

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Education
    • Health Professions (miscellaneous)
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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