Factors affecting social integration of noninstitutionalized mentally retarded adults

S. Reiter, A. M. Levi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The social integration of noninstitutionalized moderately and mildly mentally retarded young adults was investigated. A group of moderately and mildly retarded adults (study group) was compared with a group of borderline retarded (control group) adults on employability, behavior at work, social integration and social skills, personality, and self-concept. Findings indicated that the study group was less well integrated at work and in society than was the control group and showed lack of social skills. The retarded adults who had nonretarded friends showed better social-educational skills than did the other subjects. Findings suggest that even retarded individuals who grow up in the community need help in order to become socially independent. The existence of a special social club for retarded adults was found to fulfill the functions of a sheltered framework. Participants in the club showed more positive self-concepts: however, the club did not seem to prepare them for social integration in the general community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25-30
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Mental Deficiency
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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