Facilitating long-term retention of vocabulary: The second-hand cloze

Batia Laufer, Helen Osimo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The study investigates whether the consistent use of a vocabulary reinforcement technique referred to as 'second-hand cloze' can result in a significant improvement in long-term retention of words. Thirty L2 learners of English for Academic Purposes were taught 60 words in text context. Thirty words were submitted to the second-hand cloze (filling in the target items in a summary version of the original texts); 30 were not. On a subsequent recall test, words submitted to the experimental task were better remembered. It is suggested that the second-hand cloze embodies some characteristics of other memorization techniques, but also overcomes their shortcomings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-224
Number of pages8
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Education
  • Linguistics and Language

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