"Facial inversion effects" refers to the findings that recognition of inverted faces is less accurate than recognition of upright faces. We now report inversion effects for isolated facial features: forehead, eves nose mouth, and chin. This shows that configurational information extracted from a whole face (i.e., from spatial relationships among the facial features) is not necessary for obtaining the inversion effects. Other factors, such as "upright-orientation," mental rotation, and feature saliency account for the inversion effects both in a whole face and in its isolated features. We propose a simple formula that satisfactorily predicts the recognition of a whole face and the inversion effects for that face on the basis of its individual features.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
- Sensory Systems
- Psychology (all)