Facial inversion effects: Parts and whole relationship

Sam S. Rakover, Brosh Teucher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


"Facial inversion effects" refers to the findings that recognition of inverted faces is less accurate than recognition of upright faces. We now report inversion effects for isolated facial features: forehead, eves nose mouth, and chin. This shows that configurational information extracted from a whole face (i.e., from spatial relationships among the facial features) is not necessary for obtaining the inversion effects. Other factors, such as "upright-orientation," mental rotation, and feature saliency account for the inversion effects both in a whole face and in its isolated features. We propose a simple formula that satisfactorily predicts the recognition of a whole face and the inversion effects for that face on the basis of its individual features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)752-761
Number of pages10
JournalPerception and Psychophysics
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Sensory Systems
  • General Psychology


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