Exploring Issues of Personality Measurement and Structure Through the Development of a Short Form of the Eysenck Personality Profiler

K. V. Petrides, Chris J. Jackson, Adrian Furnham, Stephen Z. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this article, we develop a revised short form of the original Eysenck Personality Profiler (EPP; H. J. Eysenck & Wilson, 1991). In addition, we address topics of broad theoretical importance such as the recurrent empirical finding of correlations between conceptually orthogonal personality dimensions and the possibility that gender differences in these dimensions are partly spurious. In Study 1 (N = 227), we demonstrate that the existing short form of the EPP (EPP-SF; H. J. Eysenck, Wilson, & Jackson, 1996) provides a poor fit to the data and we develop a revised well-fitting version. In Study 2, we retest this version on an independent new sample (N = 3,374) where it is again found to fit the data well. We show that most of the structural and measurement parameters of the revised EPP-SF are invariant across genders. Structured means analysis indicated a significant gender difference in Psychoticism, with men scoring higher than women, but no differences in Extraversion or Neuroticism. Our discussion focuses on issues concerning personality measurement and structure, including an examination of the role of confirmatory factor analysis in personality research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-280
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 2003
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by an Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) Postdoctoral Fellowship to K. V. Petrides. Parts of this article were presented at the 23rd Biennial Conference of the Society for Multivariate Analysis in the Behavioral Sciences (Tilburg University, The Netherlands). The long and short forms of the EPP are available from Chris J. Jackson, School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. E-mail: chrisj@psy.uq.edu.au

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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