The authors of the Pesharim from Qumran interpreted biblical prophecies in symbolic and allegoric manner. They read into these prophecies allusions to events of their own times. This type of actualization was applied even to prophecies which were said in the Hebrew Bible to have been fulfilled in the past. This exegetical method, which assumes that a prophecy may be fulfilled more than once, is illustrated by three examples: the interpretation of 1 Samuel 2:35 and Ezekiel 44:15 by the Damascus Document III-IV, the pesher of the curse uttered by Joshua against Jericho (Joshua 6:26) as interpreted by 4Q379 22 ii//4Q174 21-30, and the interpretation of Jeremiah 25:11 et 29:10 by Daniel 9.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cultural Studies
- Religious studies
- Literature and Literary Theory