In the world agriculture and civilization, wheat is one of the most important crops. The major factor underlying human civilization is domestication of plants and animals. Cultivated wheat includes the hexaploid bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) and the tetraploid durum wheat (Triticum durum). About 10, 000 years ago, T. aestivum derived from a cross between domesticated emmer (Triticum dicoccum) and the goat grass Aegilops tauschii. Wild emmer wheat (Triticum dicoccoides) is the progenitor of cultivated wheat and has played core role to wheat domestication that has genetically not only transformed the brittle rachis, tenacious glume and nonfree threshability but also modified yield and yield components. T. dicoccoides harbors many useful genes conferring many agronomic traits, abiotic stress tolerances, biotic stress resistances, grain protein content, processing quality, and micronutrient mineral concentrations. Domestication of T. dicoccoides is actually related with a few chromosome regions or domestication syndrome factors. Whole genome sequences of T. dicoccoides and other Triticum species could be helpful for isolation of genes controlling important traits. However, the majority of genetic resources in T. dicoccoides still remain untapped. The large number of molecular markers, fully annotated genome sequences, and efficient cloning techniques will greatly accelerate application of T. dicoccoides germplasm to wheat improvement programs and ensure sustainability of global wheat production.
|Title of host publication||New Horizons in Evolution|
|Number of pages||63|
|State||Published - 1 Jan 2021|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
- Agricultural civilization
- Agronomic trait
- Crop improvement
- Evolutionary domestication
- Genome sequence
- Molecular marker
- Triticum dicoccoides
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)