The various classifications of the orchid tribe Neottieae are reviewed and a new classification is proposed that divides the tribe into three subtribes, Neottiinae, Limodorinae, and Cephalantherinae, based primarily on characters of the column (gynostemium). A cladistic analysis illustrates that these three subtribes are more closely related to one another than either is to any other group in subfam. Neottioideae, although there are very few apomorphic characters for the tribe. Pollination biology is also discussed showing links between breeding systems and distribution. There is also a possible role between column and labellum morphology and the emergence of a deceptive pollination syndrome from one of reward.
- evolutionary trends
- phylogenetics of orchids
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
- Plant Science