Evidence of the impacts of emerging shark tourism in the Mediterranean

Ziv Zemah Shamir, Shiri Zemah Shamir, Nir Becker, Aviad Scheinin, Dan Tchernov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Shark tourism is a new concept that has not yet been recognized in Israel. While the principles and regulation of shark tourism in particular and wildlife tourism in general are developing rapidly worldwide, in Israel we are only at the very beginning of this process. The aggregations of sharks near the power plant in Hadera (in the middle-northern part of the Israeli coast) are a source of interest and attraction for many people, including swimmers, divers, and kayakers. The desire of tourists, and therefore of local businesses as well, to take part in this amazing and profitable phenomenon poses certain risks, in view of the lack of regulation in the area. In this study we analyse the ecological-socioeconomic consequences of shark tourism as well as the risks of visitor pressure for the environment. Our observations suggest that human divers might disturb the sharks and influence behavioral changes. We call on decision makers to regulate the area have least ecological damage so that the sharks can live with minimum disturbance while allowing some reasonable amount of wildlife tourism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104847
JournalOcean and Coastal Management
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd


  • Human-wildlife conflict
  • Mediterranean
  • Shark aggregation
  • Shark behaviour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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